17 Equivalence Article 4 If the SPS measure of other members is equivalent, even if it differs from its own running member, it must objectively prove to the introductory member that their measures achieve their appropriate level of SPS protection – “equivalence” importers who have appropriate access to inspection/audit agreements – have consulted members on request in order to reach bilateral or multilateral agreements or to ensure the equivalence of specified SPS -41 Strengthen the roles Modernization-Automation,Computerization (website) – Transparency Infrastructure in particular laboratory buildings and equipment Harmonization inspection/verification with International Approval Goals (ISO/IEC 17020/25,) Guide 65 Rationalization of activities in existing systems Study of the role of the EIC in the context of the WTO Human Resources Strengthening (HR-HR QDC) Interaction with equivalency agreement regulators – All free trade agreements that play a role in EIC technical assistance – 8 projects with CE 36 products covered by export certification , nearly 1000 goods reported in all sectors (food products, shoes, chemicals, machinery, leather, jute, etc.) As part of the mandatory certification Fish and Fisheries Products Dairy Dairy Products Poultry meat and poultry meat Products Honey Raw meat (frozen/chilled), processed meat 40 Status of approved units: Fish: EU – 144 (PP)-2 (ZV)-11 (CS),Non EU – 250 Dairy -4 4 1 egg products – 4 honeys – 2 poultry meat – 2 18 equivalency agreements – ObjectiveRecogniment of import requirements Avoid duplication – Use collective resources effectively and effectively to exchange knowledge, assistance and collaborative information to meet the requirements 8 objectives of the SPS agreement on the protection and improvement of current human health, Animal health and the plant health situation of all Member States Protecting members from arbitrary or unjustified discrimination based on different health and plant health standards in order to preserve the sovereign right of each government. to create an adequate level of protection, that is to say to allow countries to set their own health and safety standards, EUREPGAP European Food Safety Principles. educate consumers about food safety. 48 Equivalency AgreementsReconformity with import requirements Avoid duplication – Using collective resources effectively and effectively Provide a cooperative exchange of expertise, assistance and information to meet requirements Coverage – exchange of information on standards, recognition of certifications, update and complaint, return of rejected mailings Problems: necessity: administrative burden – Control – Revenue – Important elements not addressed – (SLSI, Canada, United States) 15 HarmonizationArticle 3Prorug the Use of International Food Safety Standards Plant Health Codex OIE IPPC SPS Measures consistent with international standards will be found to be compatible with the SPS agreement, where, on the basis of scientific justification or risk assessment, 46 approach to risk 46 Article 5 provides for SPS measures based on a risk assessment and which , at the request of the exporting country, give evaluation details some developed importing countries that set the standard without risk assessment – z.B vibrio parahaemoliticus Despite repeated calls that the risk assessment did not provide 43 FAO report on the effects of the SPS agreement in India, a considerable degree of concern about the actual or perceived replacement of customs barriers by some countries through trade in health and plant health barriers and other technical barriers to trade.